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A Simple Explanation of Anti-Human Trafficking Efforts

Combating modern day slavery is no easy task. The complexity of the needs is staggering and is often complicated by broken law enforcement, corrupt governments, cultural apathy, and lack of resources. Anti-trafficking efforts must always be shaped by each unique context because, quite simply, what works well in one location will not necessarily be effective at all in another.

While strategies are certainly nuanced, we can generalize the categories of responses needed to effectively address human trafficking. A helpful way of thinking is viewing of anti-trafficking in terms of a pie chart. The chart is divided into 4 sections: advocacy, prevention, intervention, and rehabilitation.


pie 1


Advocacy is a critical overarching part of anti-trafficking work. The goal of advocacy is to raise awareness of a problem and lobby for better systems to address it, whether at a local, national, or international level. Advocates sometimes speak for the population that it seeks to help, but more advanced (and usually better) advocacy works with the target population or is even driven by that population itself. Darkbali is an example of an advocacy response with the goal to facilitate the growth of a local coalition of anti-trafficking organizations and to raise awareness specifically among English speaking the tourist sector and invite their participation in responding to the need.



Prevention is a huge need that gets far less attention than it deserves. It is not perceived as exciting as rescue or rehabilitation work. However, helping children avoid victimization in the first place is one of the best ways to care for them. Prevention work is a wide field that encompasses many kinds development work. YWAM Bali’s program for street kids, Traffic Lights, is fulfilling part of this need in Bali.



Intervention is the section of anti-trafficking that gets the most attention because it is an intense, short amount of time relative to the other areas. The goal of intervention is simply to remove the victim from danger. Effective intervention absolutely must involve local law enforcement and legal prosecution. Extraction outside of these channels is both illegal and dangerous for the victim and the rescue team.



Rehabilitation is an enormous and costly field in anti-trafficking. Survivors come with a range of needs – physical, mental, emotional, social, and legal. The best rehabilitation is done through multiple, specialized caregivers in the private and government sectors. Examples of rehabilitation in Bali include Pondok Gerasa, which is a live-in facility for female survivors, and FLUX Lifehouse, which works in both prevention and rehabilitation, offering skills training and job placement for at-risk youth and teen survivors of human trafficking.



Thinking of anti-trafficking needs in terms of these detailed pie charts within the bigger chart is incredibly helpful in identifying what the greatest needs are in a given area. As Bali’s anti-trafficking coalition begins filling in each of these slices, our efforts will become more efficient and more effective. Thinking in terms of these slices will keep us from duplicating services and will make the necessary next steps clearer in our work to end human slavery in Bali.


One Comment (Add Yours)

  1. Thank you for your excellent work and writing! I look forward to meeting you during my four month stay in Bali. If you do not already have plans you can join us for Freedom Sunday on Sept.24 at Bukit Doa Intnl. Church (Nusa Dua).
    Peace to you,
    David Nederhood
    Exec.Producer, Abolition Radio
    Founder, The Health & Freedom Project
    Pastor, BDIC Bali, Indonesia

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